Diabetes

Reaching Remote Areas:

Rural Health care is one of biggest challenges facing the Health Ministry of India. With more than 70 percent population living in rural areas and with low level of health facilities, mortality rates due to the onset of diseases and illnesses are on a high.

KRIYA aims to take steps in aiding the process of providing affordable and accessible health services in rural and remote areas.

Through our B2B application, patients and customers alike can have access to the wide range of healthcare products provided by KRIYA which aim at bridging the gap between affordable and high quality healthcare devices.

Managing Diabetes:

Diabetes is metabolic disorder caused by imbalance in pancreatic insulin secretion and control. This imbalance results in poor or lack of control of the levels of blood glucose, also called blood sugar, in a person. Persistent and high blood glucose levels can result in various serious health complications related to heart disease, obesity, hypertension, ocular disease, pregnancy, wound care and so on. Although Diabetes has no cure, managing diabetes is critical in avoiding complications, improving quality of life and ensuring better health outcomes

Typical symptoms of Diabetes are weight loss, rapid heart rate, reduced blood pressure and low body temperature.

Type 1 Diabetes (Juvenile Diabetes):

Type 1 diabetes is the most severe form of diabetes and is also called as Juvenile Diabetes because it usually develops in children and teenagers, although it can develop at any age. With Type 1 Diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks the beta cells that are part of its own pancreas, they’re the ones that make insulin. The immune system mistakenly sees the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas as foreign, and destroys them. This attack is known as "autoimmune" disease.

Type 2 Diabetes (Insulin Resistant Diabetes):

People with Type 2 Diabetes have insulin secretion (unlike Type 1), but their cells don't use it as well as they should. This condition is known as insulin resistance. At the onset of the condition, the pancreas makes more insulin to try to get glucose into the cells. But eventually it can't keep up, and the sugar builds up in your blood instead. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of both metabolic conditions (Broken beta cells / Liver malfunction) as well as life style choices. Typical symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes are frequent urination, being very thirsty, excessive urination, weight gain, blurry vision, persistent hunger, itchy skin, dizziness, leg cramps and tiredness.

Gestational Diabetes:

Gestational Diabetes is a condition that occurs during pregnancy. Unlike Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes causes blood sugar levels to become too high during pregnancy with the body naturally developing resistance to insulin so that more glucose is available to nourish the fetus. While for most moms-to-be, this isn't a problem, with additional insulin being secreted to process excess glucose in blood. The condition is health risk only when the pancreas cannot keep up with the increased demand for insulin causing blood sugar levels to rise to very high levels. Unlike other types of Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes is not permanent. Once a baby is born, blood sugars will most likely return to normal quickly. Babies grow bigger to excessive sugar being converted to fat, making child birth complicated resulting in potential pre-term birth, juvenile jaundice and breathing problems.

Risk factors to increased complications of gestational diabetes includes a previous history, impaired glucose tolerance, high maternal age and obesity. While most symptoms are common with Type 1 & II, Gestational Diabetes patients also exhibit frequent infections, including those of the bladder, vagina, and skin. Good OB/GYN care and practicing good diet and exercise during pregnancy is critical to manage Gestational Diabetes.

Managing Type I & II Diabetes:

Establish a routine:

Managing diabetes requires a regular routine. Regular meal times, good sleep, administering insulin injections at the same times of the day, walking routines are part of a good routine. Start by monitoring food that’s consumed, when it is consumed, when you exercise and for how long, then consult with your Diabetes care provider to develop a routine that covers your nutrition, testing, monitoring and exercise. Follow the routine, and tune the activities in consultation with your doctor and care provider.

Test regularly:

Testing blood glucose regularly helps in reducing the number of factors that could have played a part in increasing it and so it makes understanding and managing the disease easier and gives good early warning to avoid complications.

Managing Nutrition:

Food portions can often be a source of misjudgment. The same type of meal may have been had on two different days but one might get different diabetes glucose results following the meal if the size of portion was different on those two days.

Understanding that balanced meals with foods with the right glycemic index are critical to manage the disease. Plan a schedule with a nutritionist to ensure you get the meals that can not only help you but also like.
It can really help to spend some extra time planning meals with right food types and weighing or measuring out portions of foods.

References:
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/in-depth/diabetes-management/art-20047963?pg=1"
https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/managing-gestational-diabetes
http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/gestational-diabetes-guide/understanding-gestational-diabetes-basics#2
http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/gestational-diabetes/overview.html